Difference between Caucasian Shepherd and Ovcharka (With Similarities)

Caucasian shepherd and Caucasian ovcharka are names given to similar dog breeds but in different countries.

The country where they are found is what creates the two names but it is the same kind of dog breed hence there are no differences between the morphological and behavioral characters.

Caucasian shepherd is used by Europeans while Caucasian ovcharka is used by Russians. In America, it is referred to as a Caucasian mountain dog.

So, what is the main difference between a Caucasian shepherd and a Caucasian ovcharka? Caucasian shepherd and Caucasian ovcharka are used to refer to the same dog breed but in different countries.

This article is going to give the main difference between Caucasian shepherd and Caucasian ovcharka and you will also learn some of the similarities.

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Difference between Caucasian Shepherd and Ovcharka

Comparison Table (Caucasian Shepherd vs Ovcharka)

Basic TermsCaucasian ShepherdCaucasian Ovcharka
NamesIt is a name used by Europeans.It is a name used by Russians.

What is a Caucasian Shepherd?

It is a name used by Europeans. The dog breed has excellent working abilities and a striking appearance. At present they are employed as fighting and watchdogs in military units.

They are powerful and have muscular bodies. Their faces look like bears and have low set long tails. The females are slightly smaller than the males.

They have wedge-shaped heads, darks eyes with round-shaped and cropped ears. They have a double coat and a dense undercoat.

Mostly their coats are grey in color although they also come in other colors such as straw, rust, earth, piebald, spotted, and brindle.

The dense coat keeps them warm during cold weather. Their tails also have long and heavy hair. They have black prominent noses.

They need proper training and socialization to enable them to have controllable behavior towards humans and strangers.

They are extremely loyal to owner and family members hence the best companion. The breed is only suitable for people who display strong leadership qualities and are willing to spend a lot of time training and socializing.

What is Ovcharka?

Caucasian ovcharka is a name used by Russians to refer to a dog breed. The dogs were employed as versatile military dogs in Russia in the late 1960s.

The breed is powerful and has muscular bodies and this makes them be used in most military units at present.

Their faces are wedge-shaped and their tails are low set. The females are comparatively smaller as compared to their male counterparts.

They have a double coats and dense undercoats and this enables them to keep themselves warm during the cold weather.

They mostly appear in grey color although they may also appear in rust, straw, earth, piebald, spotted, and brindle.

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Main Difference between Caucasian Shepherd and Ovcharka

  1. Caucasian shepherd is a name used by the Europeans while Caucasian ovcharka is a name used by Russians to refer to the same dog breed.

Similarities between Caucasian Shepherd and Ovcharka

  1. Both were used for military purposes.
  2. Both are loyal to their owners.
  3. Both are powerful and have muscular bodies.
  4. Both have a double coats and a dense undercoat.
  5. Both have uncontrollable behavior towards strangers.

Conclusion

Caucasian shepherd and Caucasian ovcharka are the same dog breed but are different names used to refer to it in different countries.

The name is the main difference but it is a similar dog breed hence they both appear similar with the same behavior.

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