What is the difference between Jersey Cow and Holstein Cow?
Jersey cow and Holstein cows are both found in the Bovidae family. They are both dairy cows. They are mainly kept for milk production.
The two are the top breeds in dairy farming. They both have the ability to convert high quantities of fodder to milk. They are popular in producing large quantities of milk.
The two are different from each other both in physical appearance and behavior.
The main difference between jersey cow and Holstein cow is that jersey cow is comparatively smaller in body size while Holstein is comparatively larger in body size.
Comparison Table (Jersey Cow vs Holstein Cow)
|Characteristics||Jersey Cow||Holstein Cow|
|Origin||They originated in Jersey island in the British channel.||They originated in the Netherlands.|
|Size||They are comparatively smaller in body size.||They are comparatively larger in body size.|
|Coat color||The coat color ranges from brown to white or gray.||They have black and white or sometimes red and white coat color.|
|Head||Their forehead and nose make a slight v shape.||They have a traditional cow head which is big and sweet.|
|Personality||They tend to be more curious and friendly.||Not much bothers them.|
|Milk production||They produce comparatively less amount of milk.||They produce a large amount of milk in their lifetime.|
|Butterfat content||The milk has a relatively high amount of butterfat content.||The milk has a low amount of butterfat content.|
|Adaptability||They are more adapted to the hot climate.||They are more adapted to the cold climate.|
|Fertility rate||They have a high fertility rate.||They have a low fertility rate.|
What is Jersey Cow?
Jersey is a breed of cow that got its name from the place of origin. They originated in Jersey island in the British channel where it was developed.
Jersey is the smallest dairy cow. It weighs around 1200 pounds. Their coat is brown in color, but it may range from brown, white to gray. Sometimes the tips of their ears can be black in color. They have gray-colored tongues and black hooves.
They have a dish on their face; their forehead and nose make a slight v shape. This makes their face appear larger and more towards the outside of their heads.
They have very big personalities. They tend to be curious and friendly. Sometimes are viewed as stubborn. They are not intimidated by people.
Their milk has higher butterfat content hence it appears yellowish in color. The butterfat is ideal for making cheese, butter, and ice cream.
The breed is adaptable to living in hot climatic areas hence is resistant to most diseases hence the best breed as the farmer will spend little on medication.
What is Holstein Cow?
Holstein is the largest dairy breed in the world. It was first developed in the Netherlands. They can weigh up to 1500 pounds.
Their coat color is black and white or sometimes red and white. Each pattern is like a human fingerprint. It is totally different from each other. Each cow has a unique pattern to only her.
They produce a large amount of milk in their lifetime. However, they have fertility problems whereby they have a short product lifespan, less cream, and butterfat.
They have low personalities. Not much bothers them. Although they are always paying attention, it gets them a lot to get excited.
They are more adapted to cold climates. This makes them susceptible to many diseases hence a farmer has to use a lot of resources in treating them.
Main Differences between Jersey Cow and Holstein Cow
- Jerseys are comparatively smaller while Holsteins are larger in body size.
- Jerseys have brown coats while Holsteins have black and white or red and white coats.
- Jerseys’ milk contains high butterfat content hence yellow in color while Holsteins’ milk has low butterfat content hence white in color.
- Jersey’s forehead and nose make a slightly v shape while Holstein has a traditional cow head which is sweet and big.
- Jerseys are adapted to a hot climate while Holsteins are adapted to a cold climate.
- Jerseys have a high fertility rate while Holsteins have a low fertility rate.
- Jerseys produce a relatively low amount of milk while Holsteins produce a large amount of milk.
Similarities between Jersey Cow and Holstein Cow
- Both are dairy cows.
- Both produce a large amount of milk.
- Both have specific coat colors.
Jersey and Holstein cows are both dairy cows that are known all over the world for their high milk production.
However, the two are different from each other in that Holsteins are the largest dairy cows while jerseys are the smallest dairy cows.
The main feature that makes jerseys to be different from Holsteins is the body size and coat color.
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